King Tubby

Андрей Левкин

Это будет лирическое высказывание — такие подборки подписываются postnonfiction, но тут высказывание личное (и лирическое), поэтому подпишусь собой. Лирика, конечно, в ощущении личной близости: я, в общем, такого же типа.  Да, не будет картинок, то есть — клипов — по естественным причинам (он же инженер и т.п., а не ЛиСкотчПерри). Словом, пока музыка будет играть, можно читать его данные. Да, они из Википедии, но там грамотно, впрочем сейчас цитаты и будут. Ну и в Музпросвете о нем, само собой, но уж это-то все давным-давно читали. Конечно, раз уж дело личное, то минимум треков.

King Tubby (January 28, 1941 – February 6, 1989) was a Jamaican electronics and sound engineer, known primarily for his influence on the development of dub in the 1960s and 1970s. Born Osbourne Ruddock, Tubby’s innovative studio work, which saw him elevate the role of the mixing engineer to a creative fame previously only reserved for composers and musicians, would prove to be influential across many genres of popular music. He is often cited as the inventor of the concept of the remix, and so may be seen as a direct antecedent of much dance and electronic music production.

Mikey Dread stated «King Tubby truly understood sound in a scientific sense. He knew how the circuits worked and what the electrons did. That’s why he could do what he did».

Murderous Dub


King Tubby’s music career began in the 1950s with the rising popularity of Jamaican sound systems, which were to be found all over Kingston and which were developing into enterprising businesses. As a talented radio repairman, Tubby soon found himself in great demand by most of the major sound systems of Kingston, as the tropical weather of the Caribbean island, (often combined with sabotage by rival sound system owners) led to malfunctions and equipment failure. Tubby owned an electrical repair shop on Drumalie Avenue, Kingston, that fixed televisions and radios. It was here that he built large amplifiers for the local sound systems. In 1961/62 he built his own radio transmitter and briefly ran a private radio station playing ska and rhythm and blues which he soon shut down when he heard that the police were looking for the perpetrators. Tubby would eventually form his own sound system, Tubby’s Hometown Hi-Fi, in 1958. It became a crowd favourite due to the high quality sound of his equipment, exclusive releases and Tubby’s own echo and reverb sound effects, at that point something of a novelty.

Badness Dub


Tubby began working as a disc cutter for producer Duke Reid in 1968. Reid, one of the major figures in early Jamaican music alongside rival Clement ‘Coxsone’ Dodd, ran Treasure Isle studios, one of Jamaica’s first independent production houses, and was a key producer of skarocksteady and eventually reggae recordings. Before dub, most Jamaican 45s featured an instrumental version of the main song on the flipside, which was called the «version». When Tubby was asked to produce versions of songs for sound system MCs or toasters, Tubby initially worked to remove the vocal tracks with the faders on Reid’s mixing desk, but soon discovered that the various instrumental tracks could be accentuated, reworked and emphasised through the settings on the mixer and primitive early effects units. In time, Tubby began to create wholly new pieces of music by shifting the emphasis in the instrumentals, adding sounds and removing others and adding various special effects, like extreme delays, echoes, reverb and phase effects. Partly due to the popularity of these early remixes, 1971 saw Tubby’s soundsystem consolidate its position as one of the most popular in Kingston and Tubby decided to open a studio of his own in Waterhouse.

Dread Dub + Eastwood dub (king tubby — king at the control lp -1981)

Dub music production

King Tubby’s production work in the 1970s would see him become one of the best-known celebrities in Jamaica, and would generate interest in his production techniques from producers, sound engineers and musicians across the world. Tubby built on his considerable knowledge of electronics to repair, adapt and design his own studio equipment, which made use of a combination of old devices and new technologies to produce a studio capable of the precise, atmospheric sounds which would become Tubby’s trademark. With a variety of effects units connected to his mixer, Tubby was able to ‘play’ the mixing desk like an instrument, bringing instruments and vocals in and out of the mix (literally ‘dubbing’ them) to create an entirely new genre known as dub music.

Using existing multitrack master tapes—his small studio in fact had no capacity to record session musicians—Tubby would re-tape or ‘dub’ the original after passing it through his 12 channel custom built MCI mixing desk, twisting the songs into unexpected configurations which highlighted the heavy rhythms of their bass and drum parts with minute snatches of vocals, horns and Piano/Organ. These techniques mirrored the actions of the sound system selectors, who had long used EQ equipment to emphasise certain aspects of particular records, but Tubby was able to use his custom-built studio to take this technique into new areas, often transforming a hit song to the point where it was almost unrecognizable from its original. One unique aspect of his remixes or dubs was the result of creative manipulating of the built-in highpass filter on the MCI mixer he had bought from Dynamic Studios. The filter was a parametic eq which was controllable by a large knob—aka the ‘big knob’ — which allowed Tubby to introduce a dramatic narrowing sweep of any signal, such as the horns, until the sound disappeared into a thin squeal.

Dub Fever

Tubby engineered/remixed songs for Jamaica’s top producers such as Lee PerryBunny LeeAugustus Pablo and Vivian Jackson, that featured artists such as Johnny Clarke,Cornell CampbellLinval ThompsonHorace AndyBig JoeDelroy WilsonJah Stitch and many others. In 1973, he built a vocal booth at his studio so he could record vocal tracks onto the instrumental tapes brought to him by various producers. This process is known as ‘voicing’ in Jamaican recording parlance. It is unlikely that a complete discography of Tubby’s production work could be created based on the number of labels, artists and producers with whom he worked, and also subsequent repressings of these releases sometimes contained contradictory information. His name is credited on hundreds of b-side labels, with the possibility that many others were by his hand yet uncredited, due to similarities with his known work.

His most famous dub and one of the most popular dubs of all time is «King Tubby Meets The Rockers Uptown» from 1974… By the later part of the decade, though, King Tubby had mostly retired from music, still occasionally mixing dubs and tutoring a new generation of artists, including King Jammy and perhaps his greatest protege: Hopeton Brown aka Scientist. In the 1980s he built a new, larger studio in the Waterhouse neighborhood of Kingston with increased capabilities, and focused on the management of his labels Firehouse, Waterhouse and Taurus, which released the work of Anthony Red RoseSugar Minott, Conroy Smith, King Everald and other popular musicians.

Waterhouse Rock (Dub Version of Mikey Brooks — Money Is Not All) — (чтобы было видно, как там вставлются  vocals)

А вот очаровательный дуэт с ЛиСкотчПерри:

King Tubby Lee Perry — Rise & Shine Dub (Album: King Tubby meets Lee Perry — Megawatt Dub

Что ли  для восстановления междисцпилинарного, ё,  контекста, то есть KT + джаз. Как всё это там у него в голове между собой.

King Tubby — Take Five 5 Dub (Declaration of Dub)

Чёрт, хотел мало поставить, а вот — слово за слово. Исторические штуки: первый (или один из первых даб альбомов) сделан теми же  Табби и Перри.

Upsetters 14 Dub Blackboard Jungle. В Вики, вкратце: «Upsetters 14 Dub Blackboard Jungle, often called Blackboard Jungle Dub, is an album by The Upsetters. The album, originally released in 1973, was pressed in only 300 copies and only issued in Jamaica. It was one of the first dub albums». Ну, вероятно, был первым длинным альбомом, 45 минут, но who cares.

His most famous dub and one of the most popular dubs of all time is «King Tubby Meets The Rockers Uptown» from 1974. The original session was for a Jacob Miller song called «Baby I Love You So» featuring Bob Marley‘s drummer Carlton Barrett playing a traditional one drop rhythm. When Tubby completed the dub, which also featured Augustus Pablo on melodica, Barrett’s drums regenerated several times and created a totally new rhythm which was later tagged rockers.
Augustus Pablo ещё будет потом, он хороший.

Словом, Blackboard Jungle Dub


King Tubby was shot and killed on February 6, 1989, outside his home in Duhaney Park, Kingston, upon returning from a session at his Waterhouse studio.

После известия о его смерти на CAPITAL RADIO вышла эта программа:

David Rodigan’s Tribute to King Tubby (Roots Rockers Radio Show 1989) -1/4- Ⓕ

Детали: Tribute broadcast made by the top UK reggae DJ David ‘Roddy’ Rodigan on his radio show ‘Roots Rockers’ of the tragic and senseless murder of Osbourne ‘KING TUBBY’ Ruddock on the 6th Feb 1989. This show was broadcast on the following Saturday. CAPITAL RADIO.

Да, саундсистема Табби. Она сохранилась, вроде бы именно она оказалась в Ноттинг-хилле  и её там до сих пор юзают на танцульках или даже вокруг нее карнавал раз в год вертят, вот пока последний.

King Tubbys Notting Hill Carnival 2012 pt3 Sunday 26th August